Section I: International Affairs

  1. Asymmetric Return and Volatility Transmission in Euro Zone and Baltic Countries Stock MarketsViorica CHIRILĂ, Ciprian CHIRILĂ -pg. 2
  2. Turkey’s and Iran’s Policy towards Central Asian CountriesDiana CHIȘ-MANOLACHE -pg. 12
  3. Economic Aspects Regarding Romania’s Position in the Framework of International Cooperation in the Black SeaDiana CHIȘ-MANOLACHE -pg. 17
  4. Considerations Regarding Shadow Economy and Tax EvasionIoana Claudia DOBRE -pg. 22
  5. Vocational Teacher Productivity in Palembang: Education Production FunctionOktavia EVI, Saleh ROSMIYATI CHODIJAH, Yunisvita -pg. 29
  6. Analysis of Credit Growth Determinants in the European CountriesKlejda GABESHI -pg. 38
  7. The Environmental Reporting Practices in RomaniaAlexandra-Oana MARINESCU -pg. 44
  8. Forecasting Nigeria Agricultural Growth in the Era of Dwindling Oil PriceJimoh ‘Sina OGEDE -pg. 49
  9. Romania’s Relationship with the International Monetary Fund and the World BankOana OPRIȘAN, Ana-Maria DUMITRACHE (ȘERBĂNESCU), Ștefania-Rodica HUBEL (ANGHEL) -pg. 60


Section II: Regional Development, Integration and Globalization

  1. Considerations on Asset Management and Turnover Factorial Correlations: The Case of Dobrogea Region, Romania Kamer-Ainur AIVAZ -pg. 68
  2. Predilection for Investments and Profitability Trends of Artistic Activities in Constanta CountyKamer- Ainur AIVAZ, Roxana- Andreea MIREA -pg. 75
  3. Analysis on Rural Development of Region 2 South East Daniela – Lavinia BALASAN, Florin – Marian BUHOCIU, Cristinel FERȚU -pg. 83
  4. Romania’s Economy between the Global Financial Crisis and the Health CrisisIon BOTESCU -pg. 89
  5. Globalization – Chimera, Trand or Necessity? Monica COJOCARU, Liviu Dumitru HALIP, Ayten Güler DERMENGI -pg. 97
  6. Intercultural Mirrors. Cultural Identity Costel COROBAN -pg. 106
  7. Effects of the COVID19 Pandemic on the European Business Environment – Romania Case Study Gabriela GHEORGHIU, Elena Cerasela SPĂTARIU, Raluca Andreea TRANDAFIR -pg. 113
  8. Development of Strategic Directions of Road Transport for the Republic of Moldova in the Context of European Union Svetlana GOROBIEVSCHI, Diana MUNTEANU -pg. 119
  9. Real Convergence in the European Union: An Empirical Approach Ana-Maria HOLOBIUC -pg. 126
  10. The Dimensions and Trends of the Foreign Trade Activity of the Companies in Dobruja Region Cristina Mihaela LAZĂR, Nicoleta ASALOȘ -pg. 134
  11. Determining the Quality of Hotel Services in Mamaia Resort Corina Aurora MARIN (BARBU), Elena CONDREA -pg. 141
  12. The Importance of Tourism Management in the Integrated Development of Constanta Municipality Corina Aurora MARIN (BARBU), Elena CONDREA -pg. 149
  13. Analysis of the Impact of Telemedicine on the Health System in a European Context Mihaela MIHAI, Claudia-Andreea TOMA, Daniela-Ioana MANEA -pg. 160
  14. Human Rights and Liberties – The Need to Protect and Guarantee them in the Context of Globalisation Adriana Nicoleta ODINĂ, Monica Dana Corina ROȘU -pg. 169
  15. On the Right to Privacy and Family Life in the Context of Globalisation and the Digital Era Adriana Nicoleta ODINĂ -pg. 177
  16. Good Administration in EUCJ Jurisprudence Claudia Livia PAU -pg. 184
  17. Euro Adoption in Romania: An Exploration of Convergence Criteria Georgiana-Loredana SCHIPOR -pg. 190


Section III: Economic and Social Studies

  1. The Investments Process in Romania during the Latest Years. A Macroeconomic AnalysisDalina Maria ANDREI -pg. 201
  2. An Analysis Model to Identify the Optimal Salary and its Impact at the Level of an Economic EntitySolomia ANDREȘ -pg. 206
  3. Management Methods Recommended for a Small and Medium EnterpriseSolomia ANDREȘ -pg. 212
  4. Economic Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic for the HoReCa Companies in the Romanian Black Sea Coast AreaNicoleta ASALOȘ, Cristina Mihaela LAZĂR -pg. 219
  5. Preserving and Increasing Students’ Motivation – A Case StudyEleonora BÂCĂ -pg. 224
  6. The HACCP System: An Analysis of Its Benefits and Shortcomings in Business Practices in the Era of the SARS COV-2 PandemicSilviu Ionuț BEIA, Mariana BRAN, Mihai DINU -pg. 229
  7. Factors Influencing MoralityAmelia BOROȘ, Simona-Andreea APOSTU, Valentina VASILE -pg. 235
  8. Sustainability in the Higher Educational System in RomaniaTeodora Odett BREAZ -pg. 240
  9. Comparative Study between Antioxidant Activity and Antibacterial Effect of Usnea barbata (L)F,H,Wigg Extracts and Volatile Oils Marked in RomaniaLaura BUCUR, Violeta POPOVICI, Victoria BADEA -pg. 246
  10. Text Analysis Tools in ESP Teaching. Case StudyAlina BUZARNA-TIHENEA (GĂLBEAZĂ) -pg. 252
  11. An Analysis of Written Texts in the Economic Field. Case StudyAlina BUZARNA-TIHENEA (GĂLBEAZĂ) -pg. 259
  12. Exploring the Connection between Corruption and Corporate GovernanceMaria-Alina CARATAȘ, Elena-Cerasela SPĂTARIU, Gabriela GHEORGHIU -pg. 266
  13. The Economic and Social Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from RomaniaŞtefan CATANĂ, Sorin-George TOMA, Cătălin GRĂDINARU -pg. 273
  14. The Analysis of Domestic and International Tourism and Travelling for RomaniaLaura Mariana CISMAS, Cornelia DUMITRU, Lucia NEGRUȚ -pg. 278
  15. Evolution of Contributions Paid by Pension ParticipantsTudor COLOMEISCHI -pg. 288
  16. Ontologies and Ontological RepresentationTudor COLOMEISCHI, Eugenia IANCU -pg. 294
  17. Main Views in Bogdan Petriceicu Hasdeu’s Economic ThoughtSorinel COSMA -pg. 300
  18. Petre Sebeșanu Aurelian – The First Economist of the Romanian AcademySorinel COSMA -pg. 305
  19. Financing of Rural Entrepreneurship through Sub-Measure 6.4. of the National Programme for Rural Development 2014-2020Dan Constantin DĂNULEȚIU, Cosmin IVAȘCU -pg. 310
  20. Charisma of Safety in MaritimeCristina DRAGOMIR, Liviu Răzvan DRAGOMIR, Simona UTUREANU -pg. 318
  21. Use and Values of Verb Tenses in the Written Tourist DiscourseElena DUMITRAȘCU -pg. 326
  22. Comparative Analysis of Post-event Funding SourcesIonela-Daniela GĂITAN (BOTEZATU) -pg. 333
  23. Innovation around the World: An Analysis of the Top 10 Most Innovative Companies in the Period 2018-2020Cătălin GRĂDINARU, Sorin-George TOMA, Ştefan CATANĂ -pg. 340
  24. Romania’s Labor Market Prospects: Indicators for 2010 – 2020 and Estimates for 2030Dana ICHIM SOMOGYI -pg. 347
  25. Economic Resilience: A Bibliometric Analysis of the ConceptRaluca IGNAT, Valentin LAZĂR, Alexandru Pavel COSTEA -pg. 355
  26. Implications of Religious Tourism on the Romanian Tourist MarketMarian IONEL -pg. 362
  27. The Services Sector in Romania Under the Incidence of the COVID-19 PandemicMarian IONEL -pg. 368
  28. Lights and Shadows at the Level of the Mode 4 of Flows of ServicesRoberta-Laura JIANU (GALAV) -pg. 373
  29. The Damage Caused by Anticompetitive Practices. Effective Methods and Techniques of QuantificationVictor LAȘCOV, Constanța TIUHTII -pg. 380
  30. Fiscal Risk Minimization Tools, Transfer Pricing AssociatedMihaela Paraschiva LUCA, Bianca Cristina CIOCĂNEA, Ioan Cosmin PIȚU -pg. 387
  31. Demand on the Pharmaceutical Market in the Conditions of the COVID-19 Health CrisisDoina MARGARITTI, Cristina TASE -pg. 396
  32. Constructivism – A Pedagogical Approach for the 21st CenturyCarmen-Liliana MĂRUNȚELU -pg. 401
  33. The Implications of Economic Fraud – Legislative Analysis, Social Impact and Generic Risk Detection ModelsMădălin-Mihai MOȚOC, Bogdan-Dumitru COSOFRET -pg. 406
  34. Traditional and Online Assessment Tools for Learning EnglishLavinia NĂDRAG -pg. 412
  35. Industry Redesign Directions in the Context of the Covid-19 Pandemic Andrei NEMIRSCHI, Diane Paula Corina VANCEA -pg. 418
  36. Financing Green Deal in RomaniaDaniela PANAIT (ZĂNESCU) -pg. 424
  37. Some Aspects regarding the Fiscal Approach in Economic ClassicismNicolae PLATON, Igor TURCANU -pg. 432
  38. Preparation of Negotiation Activities in the Tourism BusinessNicolae PLATON, Tatiana JURAVELI -pg. 439
  39. Benefits and Challenges of Internet-Based Virtual PresentationsCristina-Dana POPESCU -pg. 448
  40. Studies on Antitumor Action Mechanism of Usnea Barbata (L.)F.H.Wigg from RomaniaVioleta POPOVICI, Laura BUCUR, Victoria BADEA -pg. 453
  41. Consumers Perceived Prospects and Benefits Regarding the Nanotechnology Practices in the Fashion IndustryIonela Andreea PUIU -pg. 459
  42. The Trend of the Hospitality Industry and the Advantages Versus the Disadvantages of Investing in the WorkforceSteluța RADU, Mihaela COSTANDACHE, Anca-Cristina STANCIU -pg. 464
  43. Impact of the Soluble and Insoluble Fibers on the Human’s HealthSteluța RADU, Mihaela CONSTANDACHE, Anca-Cristina STANCIU -pg. 474
  44. Empirical Study on the Example of an Economic Entity in Romania about Financial Performance Indicators Ilie RĂSCOLEAN, Ileana – Sorina RAKOS -pg. 484
  45. The Geoconomic Impact of COVID-19 on the Global EconomyOana Iuliana RUJOIU -pg. 493
  46. Product Differentiation Impact on Games Theory ModelsCiprian RUSESCU, Mihai Daniel ROMAN -pg. 500
  47. Diagnostic of Operational Systems in the Pharmaceutical Industry in PandemyVasilică RUSU -pg. 509
  48. Uncertainty of Successive Existential Risks of Case-Effect Type Economic Pandemia and Crisis, in Progress of Activities in the Pharmaceutical IndustryVasilică RUSU -pg. 514
  49. The Future Sale of Premier League Broadcasting RightsSergiu-Vlad STAN -pg. 520
  50. The Evolution of Understanding Corruption in Romania and other European CountriesMarius-Anton STUPAR -pg. 525
  51. The Judicial System Reform and the Fight Against Corruption in RomaniaMarius-Anton STUPAR -pg. 530
  52. When Competitiveness in the Agriculture Sector becomes Mandatory. Romania Case StudyCristiana-Ioana ȘERBĂNEL -pg. 536
  53. COVID-19 Impact on the Agriculture Sector and the Power of Clusters. Romania Case StudyCristiana-Ioana ȘERBĂNEL -pg. 543
  54. Measuring the Future Potential of a Country in Terms of Human Capital Adina ȚIȚEI -pg. 551
  55. The Development of Rehabilitation Medical Services under the Covid 19 Crisis Amalia Teodora VANCEA, Luiza SPIRU -pg. 555
  56. Challenges in Using AI in Online CommerceDiane Paula Corina VANCEA, Andrei NEMIRSCHI -pg. 559
  57. Mathematics and the Prestige of the School UnitMariana-Geanina ZAHARIA -pg. 564
  58. The Art of Negotiating for AdvantageCristina Mihaela ZAMFIR -pg. 573


Section IV: Marketing – Management

  1. Management Practiced in Education SystemsRoxana Maria ANGHEL (BLIDARU) -pg. 581
  2. Research on Rewarding and Impact of Rewards on PerformanceGabriel Ioan AVRĂMESCU -pg. 587
  3. Exploring the Relationship between Religion, Happiness, Distress and Fear Levels after the First Corona Outbreak in the NetherlandsAlexandru BOSÎNCEANU -pg. 595
  4. Can Religiosity Alleviate the Fear Caused by the Coronavirus? An Analysis from the NetherlandsAlexandru BOSÎNCEANU -pg. 601
  5. Internal Control in Corporate GovernanceAdrian-Cosmin CARAIMAN -pg. 606
  6. Responsibility for Internal Control in Corporate GovernanceAdrian-Cosmin CARAIMAN -pg. 612
  7. Research on the Impact of Training and Personal Development on Individual and Organizational PerformanceElena Cristina CERNĂTESCU, Andra-Nicoleta PLOSCARU, Marian CAZACU -pg. 619
  8. Challenges in Managing the Risks of Error and Fraud in Public Procurement During the State of Emergency Generated by the Covid-19 VirusMarius Silviu CULEA, Daniel CONSTANTIN -pg. 624
  9. Research on the ‘Nera Gorge’ Touristic Potential GrowthDaniel DĂNECI-PĂTRĂU, Andreea JENARU -pg. 635
  10. The Role of Human Resources Management in Corporate GovernanceAurеl DINCĂ, Ionuț RIZA, Costinel Cristian MILITARU -pg. 642
  11. Positive Perception in Maritime SafetyCristina DRAGOMIR, Simona UTUREANU -pg. 649
  12. Positive Motivation of the Employees – One of the Organizations’ Extremely Important Aspects Lucia FRĂTICIU -pg. 657
  13. The Organizational Consultancy and Communication in the Covid-19 Pandemic ContextVasile HAȚEGAN, Camelia-Daniela HAȚEGAN -pg. 661
  14. The Importance of Organizational Culture in the Management of OrganizationsSilvia Mioara ILIE (TROI), Mariana Paraschiva OLARU
    (STAICU), Ionela STĂNECI (DRINCEANU) -pg. 669
  15. Management for “Online” Sales, Present and Business Development PerspectivesFlorin IORDĂNOAIA -pg. 676
  16. The Organizational Culture Roles and Significance within Rail CompaniesAndreea JENARU, Daniel DĂNECI-PĂTRĂU -pg. 684
  17. The Evolution of Seaside Tourism in the First Tourist Season of the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Situation of the Romanian Black Sea ResortsIon Dănuț JUGĂNARU -pg. 690
  18. How to Celebrate the 115th Anniversary of the Establishment of Mamaia Resort by Using Public Relations ToolsMariana JUGĂNARU -pg. 700
  19. Higher Education Graduates’ Cross-Cutting Skills and EmployabilityMariana JUGĂNARU, Andreea Daniela MORARU -pg. 709
  20. Are There Positive Words in Marketing? A Study on the Vibrational Frequency of Marketing WordsAdriana MANOLICĂ, Antoneta CIOBĂNIȚĂ, Raluca-Alexandra JELEA -pg. 714
  21. Coaching – A Necessary Tool for Human Resources Development in ItalyAngela-Eliza MICU, Daniel POPA -pg. 724
  22. Strategies to Improve the Quality Management of Hotel Services in RomaniaCamelia MIHAI, Norina POPOVICI -pg. 733
  23. Ways of Manifesting the Decision-Making Authority at the Level of the OrganizationFlorina POPA -pg. 741
  24. Quality Management in the Hotel Industry in Mountainous Area of ​​RomaniaNorina POPOVICI, Camelia MIHAI -pg. 748
  25. Readjustments in Public Institutions due to Covid-19 Pandemic and the Communication Effects in Dâmbovița County CouncilAlexandra SIMA (NIȚOI), Georgiana – Daniela VASILE (VLAD) -pg. 756
  26. Management through Decentralization during the Online School PeriodMihaela TĂNASE -pg. 764
  27. Women as Leaders in Covid-19 Pandemic ContextBogdan – Andrei TILIUȚĂ, Ioana – Raluca DIACONU -pg. 770
  28. Sustainable Education System in the Face of the COVID-19 PandemicMihaela – Gabriela TODRICAN (ROȘCA), Monica – Ioana TOADER, Adriana – Ioana FILIP (CROITORU) -pg. 776
  29. Strategy Manager – As a Position in the Top Management of OrganizationsAnamaria TOHATAN -pg. 783
  30. Benchmarkingul – A Path to Excellence in Romanian OrganizationsMaria TOMA -pg. 788
  31. An Insight into Organizational Team AmbidexterityRaluca ZOLTAN, Romulus VANCEA -pg. 793


Section V: Finance and Accounting

  1. An Econometric Approach on Performance and Financial Equilibrium during the COVID-19 PandemicLarissa BATRANCEA -pg. 801
  2. The Influence of Public Debt on Performance: Lesson from Romanian CountiesLarissa BATRANCEA -pg. 809
  3. The Anti-corruption Performance and Non-financial Disclosure: A Cross-country AnalysisMaria-Alina CARATAȘ, Raluca Andreea TRANDAFIR -pg. 815
  4. Perception, Regulation and Reality Regarding Provisions in Public Institutions Accounting in RomaniaIuliana CENAR -pg. 822
  5. Non-Financial Reporting and Performance in Pre-university Education Iuliana CENAR -pg. 830
  6. Measuring the Performance of Merger OperationsIrina CHIRIAC -pg. 837
  7. The Independence of Banks Internal Auditors from Banks’ ExecutivesValbona CINAJ, Artur RIBAJ, Rebeka RIBAJ -pg. 846
  8. Comparative Aspects of Cost Management and Accounting CostIoana Cristina CIRCA (BUZDUGA), Cristina Valeria LASLO -pg. 853
  9. Aspects Regarding the Profitability of the Enterprise with the Help of the Data Provided by the Activity ReportsIoana Cristina CIRCA (BUZDUGA) -pg. 857
  10. The Characterization of the Taxation Process in Terms of Tax Culture, as an Element of NoveltyLoredana Andreea CRISTEA, Alina Daniela VODĂ, Dragoș Mihai UNGUREANU -pg. 863
  11. Evolution of Romanian Management Consulting Firms from Alba CountyAdina – Elena DĂNULEȚIU -pg. 871
  12. The Concept of Cost and Determination of the Production Cost of a Finished Product on a Agricultural HoldingClaudiu – Florin DEAC -pg. 879
  13. Creativity of the Company’s Income MultiplierLuminița Meda DECEBAL, Ionela MILUTIN, Marius BOIȚĂ -pg. 884
  14. The Role of Financial Accounting Information in an EntityLuminița Meda DECEBAL, Ionela MILUTIN, Gheorghe PRIBEANU -pg. 891
  15. The Use of a Simplified Markowitz Model in Choosing a Profitable PortfolioAlexandru Cristian DOBRE -pg. 897
  16. Considerations Regarding the Need for Normalization in Accounting, in Public InstitutionsMargareta FĂGĂDAR (GHIȘA) -pg. 903
  17. The Impact of Information and Communication Technologies in the Sphere of Public Administration Margareta FĂGĂDAR (GHIȘA), Claudiu Florin DEAC -pg. 908
  18. The Digital Economy – A Challenge for FiscalityCostinela FORȚEA, Viorica IOAN, Ioana LĂZĂRESCU -pg. 914
  19. The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Activity of the Professional AccountantNătăliţa-Mihaela FRUMUȘANU, Andreea-Mihaela MARIN (ZGARDAN), Mihaela MARTIN -pg. 922
  20. The Cost Equation of Sewage Services in RomaniaArpád-Zoltán FULOP, Kinga-Erzsébet BAKO -pg. 932
  21. Study on the Influence of Economic and Social Factors on the Financing of National DefenseAlin HUSERAȘ, Nicolae BALTEȘ, Ștefania Amalia JIMON -pg. 939
  22. A Theoretical-Conceptual Approach to the Particularities and Functions of the Stock Markets, in the Context of the Pandemic PeriodAnca Ioana IACOB (TROTO) -pg. 948
  23. Financial Snapshot Regarding the Naval and Land Transport in Constanța CountyMarioara MIREA -pg. 957
  24. Dynamics and Correlation of the Main Indicators of Professional Scientific and Technical Activities in Constanța CountyMarioara MIREA -pg. 964
  25. An Overview of the Business Approach and Labor Costs in the Construction Industry. Case Study: Romania’s Counties by the SeaIonela MUNTEANU -pg. 971
  26. Financial Reporting Quality and Operational Efficiency in the Coastal Region of RomaniaIonela MUNTEANU -pg. 978
  27. Aspects Regarding the Organization and Activity of the Federal Reserve System and the European Central BankIrena MUNTEANU, Alexandra BARBU -pg. 985
  28. Bank Fraud – A Current Issue in NowadaysIrena MUNTEANU, Diana BARAGHIN -pg. 992
  29. Considerations Regarding the Recording in the Entities’ Accounting of the Instruments for Financing the Operating ActivitiesTraian Cristin NICOLAE -pg. 998
  30. Implications of Expanding the Use of Information Technology Tools in Accounting of Finance TransactionsTraian Cristin NICOLAE -pg. 1004
  31. Fiscal-budgetary Policy and Fiscal Administration in Romania in the Period 2020-2023Oana OPRIȘAN, Ana-Maria DUMITRACHE (ȘERBĂNESCU), Gabriela Iuliana PARASCHIV (GANEA) -pg. 1012
  32. Related Parties’ Transactions: A Literature Overview on Auditor’s RiskLioara Veronica PASC, Camelia-Daniela HAȚEGAN -pg. 1021
  33. Reporting Lease Contracts According to IFRS 16: Case of Romanian EntitiesIrina-Doina PĂȘCAN, Andreea CHINDRIȘ -pg. 1031
  34. Discounting Cash Flow Method Application in Banking EvaluationMitică PEPI -pg. 1039
  35. Common Stock Index AnalysisMitică PEPI -pg. 1048
  36. Financial Technology (FinTech) as a Driver for Financial Digital AssetsAndrei-Dragoş POPESCU -pg. 1055
  37. Annual Financial Statements – The Most Important Documents for Economic Entities in Romania Aurelia Maria POPESCU -pg. 1060
  38. The Impact of COVID-19 on Romanian SMEs Elena RUSU (CIGU), Anca Elena AFLOAREI NUCU -pg. 1065
  39. Financial Market Reactions to the Political Uncertainty. Study Case: Romania Luciana SIMION, Georgiana-Loredana SCHIPOR -pg. 1072
  40. Critical Conceptual Analysis on Modern Finance Theories Cristi SPULBĂR, Elena Loredana MINEA -pg. 1081
  41. The Necessity and Importance of Insurance Controlling Monica – Ioana TOADER, Mihaela – Gabriela TODRICAN (ROȘCA), Adriana – Ioana FILIP (CROITORU) -pg. 1087
  42. Neuronal Network Artificial Model for Real Estate Appraisal: Logic, Controversies, and Utility for the Romanian Context Helga Flavia TOTHĂZAN, Adela DEACONU -pg. 1093
  43. Procyclical, Countercyclical and Acyclical Fiscal Policies Alina Daniela VODĂ, Gabriela DOBROTĂ, Loredana Andreea CRISTEA -pg. 1101
  44. Budgetary Control of Sales: Models of Analysis in Economic Entities in Romania Mariana ZAMFIR, Marinela Daniela MANEA, Ileana Iulia ISTUDOR -pg. 1109
  45. The Importance of Accounting Information for Stakeholders, Aurelia Maria POPESCU -pg. 1117

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